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Faculty Profile Ivan Eastin

Learning how fibers are produced from the abaca plant in Los Banos, Philippines.

Ivan Eastin, Associate Professor in the Management and Engineering Division and Associate Director of CFR's Center for International Trade in Forest Products (CINTRAFOR), came to the College in 1992. Ivan says, "Everyone has heard stories of kids who always knew what they wanted to be when they grew up: I wasn't one of those kids. Growing up in Detroit, MI, I used to spend summers on my grandfather's tree farm in Kazabazua, Quebec, tying up young red pine trees that had been bent over by the snow during the previous winter. It was hard work but I enjoyed being outdoors with my grandfather. When I entered Michigan Technological University as a freshman, I was first attracted by the forestry program. However, I soon realized that I wanted a major that was more quantitative, so after a year in forestry I switched to civil engineering. While I enjoyed the quantitative aspects of the program, I didn't look forward to a career working with industrial materials like steel and concrete."

Finding himself at an impasse in his career objectives and low on funds, Ivan joined the U.S. Army to contemplate his future. He says, "Despite what we've all heard about the military, the Army wasn't such a bad experience for me. From it I gained three things that I have always been grateful for: self-discipline, the GI Bill, and a six-month sojourn on Eniwetok Atoll in the South Pacific, where I learned to operate a D7F bulldozer, a backhoe, and a bucket loader during an operation to clean up the waste left behind by the U.S. atomic bomb testing program." Returning to Michigan Tech, Ivan found that he could combine his interests in engineering and wood by pursuing a degree in wood science and engineering. Five years later, with the completion of a master's degree in wood science imminent, he was forced to contemplate what to do with his degrees. "Fortunately, a Peace Corps recruiter offered me a position in Liberia, West Africa before I had gotten too far involved in the inevitable job search that awaits new graduates. (Living in the boondocks of Upper Michigan doesn't mean that we didn't have a worldly outlook, and I was deeply touched when some of my fellow graduate students, upon hearing of my Peace Corps assignment, presented me with a book entitled Iberia, the Spanish Experience).

In Liberia, I went through the three-month training program but on graduation day was informed that the job for which I had been recruited was no longer available. I was told that I could either find myself another job or go home — I decided to see what kind of job I could find. Since a coup attempt had just occurred, it was a few months before I finally found a position as an assistant professor of wood science at the University of Liberia. It was during my tenure there that I found what I wanted to do when I "grew up!"

Following his Peace Corps service, Ivan pursued a Ph.D. in forest products marketing at the University of Washington under the joint tutelage of Paul Smith and Jay Johnson. Since his interest in international research had been kindled by his work in Liberia, Ivan applied for and was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship to conduct doctoral research in Kumasi, Ghana. His research focused on the impact of the tropical hardwood boycott in Europe on business strategies in the sawmill industry. During his nine months in Kumasi, Ivan had the opportunity to meet with the managers of virtually every sawmill in the country.

Non-timber forest products are part of the local economy in the rural Philippines.

"After receiving my doctoral degree, I accepted a short consulting assignment in Ghana with USAID and upon my return was offered a faculty position with CFR. Working with CINTRAFOR since 1992, I've continued my research in the marketing and utilization of lesser-used tropical timber species as well as non-timber forest products. Both research areas focus on the more efficient utilization of tropical forest resources as a component of sustainable forest management and have provided me the opportunity to work extensively in Ghana and the Philippines. Our research on lesser-used tropical timber species culminated in an International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) experts meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, where I participated with a group of researchers, environmentalists, and industry representatives in the testing and evaluation of a CD-ROM database of lesser-used tropical timber species.

Here at CFR I teach two undergraduate courses — forest products marketing and international trade and marketing of forest products. I am also developing a course entitled `The Relationship Between Forests and Economic Development in the Tropics' that will be offered in Spring 2002. Development of this course is being funded by and will be jointly offered through the UW's Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs (for their graduate students enrolled in the Peace Corps Master's International Program and their Development Policy and Management graduate certificate program.)"

Ivan's research interests include identifying constraints (both market-based and regulatory) to the use of U.S. wooden building materials in Japan, identifying strategies for evaluating and promoting 2x4 construction technology in Japan, exploring the market implications of regulatory constraints to forest products trade in Japan, the U.S., and Canada, understanding the factors that adversely affect the competitiveness of wood products exporters in the Pacific Northwest, understanding the factors that influence material substitution in the U.S. residential construction industry, and the more effective marketing of lesser-used timber species and non-timber forest products as a component of a sustainable forest management program.

Ivan says, "I have a wonderful wife and three children, twins who are four years old (a boy and a girl) and an older boy who is six years old. Prior to having children (and hopefully again after they are older!) my wife and I enjoyed hiking the alpine lakes trails in the Cascades, mountain biking, kayaking, skiing, and jogging. In the interim, I enjoy working around the house and yard, and messing around with my kids."

Faculty News

Jim Agee authored an article in the "Commentary" section of the Sunday Oregonian on August 26, 2001, entitled "The way Oregonians manage the forests will determine whether a genie or a demon emerges in years to come." (See http://www.oregonlive.com/commentary/oregonian/index.ssf?/xml/story.ssf/html_standard.xsl?/base /editorial/998740517890343.xml.)

Graham Allan, along with Affiliate Associate Professor Zinovy Royzen, taught courses during Summer 2001 on creativity and innovation for the National Chautauqua program for educators and for the Washington State GEAR UP program (see Events and Other News), and on "Creativity in the Workplace" for the UW Staff Association (attendance 100 at 7.30 am!)

Toby Bradshaw and David Ford attended the conference "Tree Biotechnology in the Next Millenium," sponsored by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) Unit on Molecular Biology of Forest Trees. The conference was held at Stevenson, WA, July 22-27, 2001.

Sally Brown has been elected as chair of the Soils and Environmental Quality Division of the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA). SSSA has over 8,000 members from all over the world. The CFR is well represented, with Rob Harrison and Darlene Zabowski continuing to serve in the Forest Soils Division.

Congratulations to Linda Brubaker and Doug Sprugel who received testimonials from the undergraduate students they worked with in the 2001 Undergraduate Research Symposium. The testimonials were included in a booklet published by the UW Dean of Undergraduate Education (See http://www.washington.edu/research/urp/symp/testimonials.pdf .)

Rob Harrison was promoted to Professor, effective September 1, 2001.

Dorothy Paun reports that research conducted in her forest products marketing seminar has been accepted for publication in the forthcoming Autumn 2001 TAPPI Journal.

Sarah Reichard presented papers on various aspects of biological invasions at several meetings during Summer 2001, including the American Society for Horticultural Science, July 22-25, in Sacramento, CA, and the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta in Denver, CO, July 11-14. Sarah also gave the keynote address at the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's annual meeting in St. Augustine, FL on September 12-14.

Clare Ryan was appointed Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs, effective September 16, 2001.

Peter Schiess attended a workshop on "New Trends in Woods Harvesting with Cable Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in the Mountains," held in Ossiach, Austria, June 18-24, 2001, where he presented a paper on road management strategies to reduce habitat impacts. As part of the workshop, attendees visited the Forestry Training Center in Ossiach, where students from universities throughout Europe attend short courses on technical and production-related issues.

Sam Wasser, formerly CFR Adjunct Assistant Professor (Obstetrics and Gynecology) has a new appointment as CFR Adjunct Research Associate Professor (Zoology), effective July 1, 2001.

Kathy Wolf's July 12, 2001 article in the Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce on urban trees and economic benefits can be viewed at www.djc.com/news/enviro/11123735.html.

John Wott attended the annual meeting of the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta, July 11-14, 2001, hosted by the Denver Botanic Garden in Denver, CO. The AABGA is now in its sixth decade and includes 500 public gardens and over 2,000 professional horticulturists.


Faculty Reports

Field trip class on the trail.

Rob Harrison reports on a Wildland Soils field trip, July 16-20, 2001. "Chuck Henry and I, along with nine students: Mike Andreu, Karen Bergeron, Holly Bowers, Sean Farrell, Tina Hendrix, Luciana Ingaramo, Suzie Karl, Amanda Ogden, Sean Smukler, and Edie Sonne, completed a five-day backpacking trip across the Cascades from Sulfur Creek Camp on the Suiattle River to Lake Chelan. The trip was remarkably free of
Wildland Soils Field Trip participants.

insects, and Cloudy Pass was almost completely free of snow, rare for this time of year. The class dug dozens of soils pits and were able to see remote soil profiles. Mountain meadow wildflowers were fantastic. Though there were lots of blisters, strained muscles, and other assorted pains, there was absolutely no whining by this year's class! As the class finished the trip riding the ferry from Lucerne to 25-Mile Creek Park, we saw some major helicopter activity putting out fires on the slopes along Lake Chelan.



This year's class can be viewed at http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/esc412/classof2001.jpg . There are also lots of pictures from the class at: http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/esc412/2001_pictures/Chuck/ and http://soilslab.cfr.washington. edu/esc412/2001_pictures/Rob/

Reini Stettler reports on the fourth year of a project initiated in 1997 as a joint venture between scientists from CFR and science teachers at Mt. Si High School in Snoqualmie, WA. The goal of the project is to offer high school science students hands-on experience in conducting a small scientific field study, making use of the nearby Snoqualmie River. This natural setting provides an ideal outdoor lab to study the ever-changing physical and biological features of an undammed river. The hope is that closer examination of the river processes and their consequences will alert students to broader river-related issues such as river regulation, management of water quality, and restoration of riparian habitat. Consecutive studies over several years allow the development of a database, allowing year-to-year comparison and showing the effects of episodic events such as storms, floods, or droughts. A point bar in King County's Three Forks Park serves as the study site.

The 2001 project involved CFR faculty, students, and affiliates, including Jeff Braatne, Joan Dunlap, Jon Honea, Phil Hurvitz, Sarah Reichard, and Reini Stettler, all working with Mt. Si biology teacher Brian Hill. Eight group projects were designed to cover a range of features and processes that helped illustrate the complex riparian environment and how humans interact with it. The eight projects concerned streamflow of the river, historical and ongoing riverbank stabilization, stand dynamics of black cottonwood, differential rooting of black cottonwood and willow in the sand and silt/muck substrates, mapping and quantifying the two most rapidly spreading invasives, Scotch broom and giant knotweed, and study of aquatic invertebrates.

Weather and unforeseen events at the river provided for additional opportunities to enrich the program. An early near-flood in September caused heavy bank erosion above the "riprap point" to within 15 feet of a road upstream from the study site. This called for a major engineering project by the King County Department of Transportation for the protection of the road. The engineering project became a study object and was compared to an earlier bank stabilization project along the river. The driest fall on record, followed by the low-snowfall winter of 2000-2001, with no flooding, resulted in a

CFR _ Mt. Si High School Science Project participants.
virtually unchanged point bar. As a result, the usual topographic survey was not needed, so the group focused instead on the increasing presence of invasive non-native plants, particularly Scotch broom and giant knotweed. These plants will be studied in next year's project to monitor growth and spread before recommending efforts to eradicate the plants. The invasive species focus also provided an opportunity to demonstrate the power of mapping with new GPS/GIS technology that revealed the contrasting distribution patterns of the two species. Another unforeseen event, the Nisqually Earthquake of February 28, 2001, resulted in the loss of some samples in the aquatic macroinvertebrate study and a redesign of the study.

Says Reini, "All projects were guided by written protocols but were not constrained by them. We wanted the process of inquiry to be focused and disciplined, but also open-ended, and we welcomed incidental additional observations. This was probably the most refreshing aspect of the river project to the students: far from being a problem set with correct answers, it dealt with real phenomena and invited discovery. Even experienced resource specialists seemed ready for surprise and eager to learn something new!" For information on this project on the Web see http://gis.washington.edu/snoq/.


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