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Center News

Center for International Trade in Forest Produces (CINTRAFOR)

CINTRAFOR, in cooperation with other wood products associations, is coordinating a technical seminar series and trade mission for U.S. exporters of wood-based building materials to China on November 2-15, 2002. Seminars on the benefits and technical aspects of building with wood will take place in Shanghai, Beijing, Chengdu, and Guangzhou. U.S. building materials suppliers will also display their products and meet with Chinese construction professionals. CINTRAFOR is a cooperator in the U.S. China Build Program, the result of a Department of Commerce grant to increase exports of U.S. building materials and wood frame construction technology to China. As part of this cooperative agreement, CINTRAFOR, with the Evergreen Building Products Association and the State of Washington, administers the program by coordinating seminars, publishing newspapers containing technical and market information about wood frame construction in China to audiences in the U.S. and China, organizing trade missions, producing an English and Mandarin website, and providing trade leads to U.S. firms.  Other cooperators in the program include the American Forest and Paper Association, the U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service, the Softwood Export Council, and APA-The Engineered Wood Association.

Center for Streamside Studies (CSS)

The UW’s Center for Streamside Studies (CSS) and the Center for Urban Water Resources Management (CUWRM) have merged to become the Center for Water and Watershed Studies.  CSS was created in 1987 as a result of controversies concerning the management of forest, fish, wildlife, and water resources in the Pacific Northwest.  CUWRM was established in 1991 with a more explicit focus on the consequences of urban land development on the region’s water resources.

Olympic Natural Resources Center (ONRC)

Theresa Santman has been named ONRC Employee of the Year.  Theresa was nominated by her fellow employees for providing outstanding service and support to ONRC programs, especially in the areas of facility use and cost center management. “Theresa is a master of multi-tasking,” says John Calhoun, ONRC Director.

Two new professional staff positions will be added at ONRC in Autumn 2002.  Largely supported by external funding, ONRC will add a GIS Specialist and an Education/Outreach Director. The new positions will allow ONRC to expand GIS support to center projects and to enhance community relations.

Stand Management Cooperative (SMC)

Meetings and Events.  SMC held its spring meeting on April 24-25, 2002 at McMenamin’s in Troutdale, OR with 44 attendees representing 18 organizations. Membership has grown, with the return of Boise Cascade and new members TimberWest and Forest Systems Inc. However, PFC learned that the U.S. Forest Service has decided to eliminate SMC support starting in 2003. Meeting agenda, minutes, and speaker presentations are available at www.standmgt.org.

SMC Director David Briggs and silviculture project leader Eric Turnblom led a tour of SMC installations sponsored by WA Department of Natural Resources. The tour acquainted DNR program managers with the SMC mission and field programs and explored potential DNR use of SMC research results.

Research conducted by SMC scientists and visiting scholars was featured in papers presented at the IUFRO Working Party S5.01-04 Conference, “Connection between Forest Resources and Wood Quality: Modelling Approaches and Simulation Software” at Harrison Hot Springs, BC, September 8-15, 2002.   David Briggs, Eric Turnblom, and Olav Hoibo, former visiting scholar from the Agricultural University of Norway, collaborated on two papers on the profile of branches and on branch growth in Douglas-fir. Eric Turnblom and Gero Becker, former visiting scholar from the University of Freiburg, Germany, collaborated on a paper cross-validating Douglas-fir branch models for Douglas fir in the U.S. and Europe.

The SMC Fall meeting will be held in Campbell River, BC, September 16-18, 2002, providing an excellent program of visits to field research sites.

Field Season and Database.  During the dormant season of 2001-02, SMC staff Bob Gonyea and Bert Hasselberg, measured 332 plots on 53 installations, performed thinning checks and marked those ready for thinning, fertilized 6 plots, and pruned 6 plots. They also surveyed in plots and obtained first measurements on one hemlock installation. A three-person summer crew was hired to accompany SMC staff Randy Collier to perform understory vegetation surveys on 15 installations. With advice from CFR faculty Steve West, the summer crew also gathered data on wildlife habitat indicators on these installations. The SMC database was fully updated and distributed to members on CD-ROM. At present the database contains data on more than a quarter million trees located on 440 installations with 4,503 plots; the typical tree has been measured 6 times.

SMC has received numerous requests from a variety of non-landowner organizations interested in access to the database and is working with the UW Office of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer to develop an appropriate membership category and database licensing agreement for these ­organizations.

Center for Urban Horticulture (CUH)

Director Tom Hinckley reports that by August 15, 2002 nearly $700,000 had been raised or pledged for enhancing the rebuild of Merrill Hall.  Many graduate students, staff, and faculty have assisted in the fundraising, and Tom notes that some 18 faculty, 18 staff, and 14 students from CFR generously donated a total of $42,000.

Japan Exchange Program. In March 2002, CUH signed a joint exchange/cooperation agreement with Awaji Landscape Planning and Horticulture Institute in Japan. CFR affiliate faculty Koichi Kobayashi and Robert Shinbo have participated in the exchange to date.

CUH Receives Award. CUH recently received an award from the American Horticultural Society, one of the oldest national gardening societies (since 1922), which annually recognizes outstanding institutions, professional groups, members of the horticultural industry, and people in all aspects of horticulture.  CUH was awarded the Great American Gardeners 2002 Urban Beautification Award.

Mitchell Almagauer-Bay, EHUF student and volunteer, prepares a plant for installation at Frink Park

Sustainable Community Landscapes. During Spring 2002, students in Linda Chalker-Scott’s Selection and Management of Landscape Plants class worked with Friends of Frink Park, Sustainable Community Landscapes staff, the Seattle Parks Department, and community volunteers to renovate a portion of Frink Park adjacent to South King Street.  When the quarter began, the sloped site was covered with English ivy, English laurel, firethorn, and other invasive species, endangering public safety and providing little biodiversity. By quarter’s end, the invasives had been replaced by a wide variety of Pacific ­Northwest native species, increasing plant diversity and wildlife habitat.

EHUF students Morea Christenson and Doug Schmitt load mulch to spread at Frink Park

The hardworking students and volunteers began by removing the invasive species and adding terracing and coir to control soil erosion.  They next added a thick layer of mulch to improve plant and soil health. Finally, they installed several hundred plants and trained community members in long-term maintenance.  All this work created a site that is both aesthetically pleasing and more ecologically sound and sustainable.  A summary of the project, including pictures, is available on the Sustainable Community Landscapes web page: http://www.cfr.washington.edu/research.mulch/

 

ISA Meeting. The International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) held annual meetings in Seattle during the last week of July 2002, with some 2,000 registered participants from around the world.  Staff, faculty, and students at CUH participated in a number of activities, including the tree climbing event held at Seattle’s Volunteer Park and the 2002 Tour des Trees, a 600 mile bike and fundraising trip for Tree Foundation research. The Tour des Trees started at CUH and included Vancouver and Victoria, BC, as well as Port Angeles, WA, in its circuit. 

Rare Care Program with Woodland Park Zoo.  On June 1, 2002 CUH’s Rare Care program, in cooperation with the Woodland Park Zoo, the U.S. Forest Service, and the Washington Native Plant Society, held a day of activities at the Zoo around the theme of “Celebrating Wild-flowers.” Rare Care supplied wildflower activity books and crayons, a table of 20 native mosses set up for “petting,” conifer cones for identifying associated trees, a demonstration of seeds that fly, dried and mounted leaves for making impressions, microscopes to look at seeds, petals, and other flower parts, and a pollinator game for small children.

Peter Raven Lecture. A July 23, 2002 seminar at CUH featured Peter Raven, director of the Missouri Botanical Gardens, winner of the 2001 National Medal of Science, and member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society.  The seminar was entitled “Saving Plants, Securing our Future.”

Herbarium News. More than 25 specimens brought in from the public have been identified in recent months, some requiring intensive detective work!  Graduate students have also been busy keying out species found in the course of their research and making vouchers to document their discoveries.

Washington Park Arboretum (WPA). The WPA’s Saplings School Program was busy during Spring 2002, serving over 1,300 students from 13 school districts throughout the greater Puget Sound area.

On March 29, 2002, forty members of the International Magnolia Society had lunch and spent the afternoon visiting the WPA’s world-renowned collection of magnolias.

Arboretum Guides were treated to two field trips as a reward for their many daily contributions to the WPA. In June, the guides toured two privately owned nurseries on Vashon Island and in July were inspired by the spectacular perennial garden of the Bellevue Botanical Gardens.

In July 2002 the WPA sponsored an educational booth at the Washington State Nursery and Landscape Associate two-day trade show, Emerald Expo.

The second year of Summer Day Camp at the WPA ran for two weeks in July and two weeks in August.  Campers became “nature detectives” as they explored the diverse urban wetland and forested area throughout the Arboretum’s 230-acre site.

The Graham Visitors Center is finally becoming electronic.  Thanks to funding from CFR and the Arboretum Foundation, the visitors center will be on high speed systems, including the Ethernet  No more dial modems and waiting!

The Rural Technology Initiative (RTI)

During Spring and Summer 2002, faculty, staff, and students working with RTI made presentations at meetings and conferences, provided technical training, and produced publications.   

Presentations:  April: Bruce Lippke, Larry Mason, and Heather Rogers offered posters on forest fuels reduction, co-generation, and forest carbon storage at the Industries of the Future Conference held at the Weyerhaeuser Technology Center and sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and the WA Office of Trade and Economic Development. Tom Bloxton, Kevin Ceder, Don Hanley, Phil Hurvitz, Bruce Lippke, Larry Mason, Elaine Oneil, Heather Rogers, Luke Rogers, Patrick Rusher, and Kevin Zobrist attended the Washington Farm Forestry Association annual meeting in Tacoma, WA. RTI staff and researchers demonstrated harvest adjustments associated with management alternatives under the Forest and Fish Regulations, demonstrated the use of technology to manage forest for wildlife habitat, offered an introduction to Geographical Positioning, and presented posters on RTI technology transfer and fuel reduction in fire-prone forests.

May. Kevin Gehringer made a presentation in Olympia, WA to the Family Forest Foundation, the WA Departments of Natural Resources and Fish and Wildlife, and the National Marine Fisheries Service entitled “Defining and Using Biologically Based Targets in Forest Management: Incorporating Forest Structure and Variability.” RTI made a number of presentations at the annual meeting of Western Forest Economists in Welches, OR.  Papers included: “Fire risk reduction costs, markets, and non-market values” by Heather Rogers and Bruce Lippke, “Tracking carbon from regeneration to housing” by Carolina Manriquez, and three papers in a session on progress toward satisfying regulatory objectives, moderated by Bruce Lippke: “Economic cost to enhance shade and LWD for riparian habitat” by Patrick Rusher, “Economics of alternative plans” by Kevin Zobrist, and “NIPF case studies” by Elaine Oneil. Larry Mason made a presentation in Forks, WA to the Provincial Advisory Committee for the Olympic National Forest on “Opportunities for Small Log Harvests in the Olympic National Forest.” Kevin Ceder presented alternative management strategies, developed with the Landscape Management System (LMS) (see related article, p. 4), to the Satsop Advisory Group and WA Department of Fish and Wildlife for the Satsop Forest Block in Grays Harbor County. Bruce Lippke, Larry Mason, and Kevin Zobrist attended the WA Society of American Foresters annual meeting at Snoqualmie Falls, WA, where Larry presented a poster on RTI tech transfer activities and Kevin delivered a presentation on riparian management alternatives for landowners in western WA.

June. Larry Mason delivered a presentation on the importance of rural technology to WA hardwood supplies at the WA Hardwoods Commission annual meeting. RTI hosted a meeting of the Family Forest Foundation and natural resource agencies from state and federal government to discuss technical support for small landowners pursuing habitat conservation plans.

July. Kevin Ceder and Bruce Lippke delivered presentations to TFW groups in Sedro Wooley and Chehalis, WA on RTI’s analysis of the impact of the Forest and Fish Regulations and the potential for alternative plans.

August. Larry Mason reported on current RTI research and training activities to the WA Farm Forestry Association Board of Directors Meeting in Olympia, WA. Larry also reported to the WA Farm Bureau Road Maintenance and Abandonment Advisory Board in Wenatchee, WA on an RTI analysis of economic and environmental impacts associated with road upgrade regulatory requirements.Bruce Lippke participated in technical meetings with the RTI advisory committee to review WA Department of Natural Resources progress to determine sustainable harvest levels; he also met with the CMER group to review the research progress commissioned by the Forest Practices Board under the Forest and Fish Agreement. Kevin Zobrist had a number of meetings throughout the summer with small forestland owners across the state to discuss the economics of landowner assistance programs

Technical Training:  Training in the use of LMS was provided by RTI staff, along with Bill Schlosser of WSU, for WSU faculty and students in Pullman, WA; for tribal, private, and public forestry professionals in Omak, WA; and for U.S. Bureau of Land Management foresters in Salem, OR. Training in Geographical Positioning Systems (GPS) was provided to small landowners and forestry professionals at Pack Forest and at the Forester’s Field Day in Blanchard, ID.

Publications: 

•  Comnick, Jeffrey. 2002. “Development and application of a decision support tool to analyze alternatives for landscapes composed of multiple ownerships.”  Master’s Thesis.  College of Forest Resources, University of Washington.

•  Cross, Jason. 2002. “Measuring the impact of harvest intensity on riparian forest functionality in terms of shade production and large woody debris recruitment potential: two models.”  Master’s Thesis.  College of Forest Resources, University of Washington.

•  Hanley, D.P., C.L. Mason, J.B. McCarter (2002). “Landscape Management System: Bringing training to rural forest managers.” Journal of Forestry 100 (5): p. 5.

•  Marzluff, J.M., J.J. Millspaugh, K.R. Ceder, C.D. Oliver, J. Withey, J.B. McCarter, C.L. Mason, J. Comnick (2002). “Modeling changes in wildlife habitat and timber revenues in response to forest management.” Forest Science 48(2): pp. 191-202.

•  Zobrist, Kevin. 2001. “Economic impacts of the Forests and Fish Rules on small, NIPF landowners: Ten Western Washington case studies.” Rural Technology Initiative, College of Forest Resources, University of Washington.

Wind River Canopy Crane (WRCCF)

The WRCFF 8th Annual Science Conference was held in early June 2002, inaugurating the field season at the facility.  “Since then,” reports Annette Hamilton, “we have been inundated by all the usual suspects—educational groups from near and far, media, and a variety of scientists performing the usual (and some not so usual) research.

Notable visits included researchers from the Center for Embedded Networked Sensors (CENS) at UCLA.  This is a new 10-year program funded by NSF to develop self regulating environmental ‘smart sensors.’ Applications for some of these sensors may include earthquake sensing, marine biology, bio-hazard or bioterrorism, and habitat monitoring.  The engineers and program directors came to visit our site and experience the capabilities the crane can provide for placing such sensors. A collaborative effort is already underway. 

Another intriguing project introduced to the Wind River site was performed by scientists from the University of Georgia in connection with UC Davis and the Western Regional Center National Institute for Global Environmental Change. This project involved bringing in two SODAR or RASS systems to measure profiles of wind velocity and temperatures at higher altitudes than the tower of the crane provides. These flow patterns are important to understanding carbon, water, and energy exchange. The project involved flying helium filled balloons, the size of a Volkswagen or larger, several hundred meters into the atmosphere.  The first balloon came off the tether, so the FAA was notified of the ‘guestimated’ flight pattern for the rogue balloon.  Other than the ‘great balloon escape,’ and after two weeks of intensive and continuous work, the project was successfully completed. The team has moved on to other parts of the country to replicate this project. Next stop, Florida.

Media interest has also been high. The crane was featured as a cover story in the Spring issue of Northwest Science & Technology. Seattle’s KIRO News interviewed Director Jerry Franklin as part of a one hour documentary. This, as usual, involved filming from the crane’s gondola, as well as during class lectures. Stay tuned for air date of the program. In July we were visited by a film crew, for the television program ‘Modern Marvels,’ which airs on the History Channel four days a week.  This program focuses on technological advancements and how people have applied them in unusual ways to further our knowledge and better our lives. Scheduled air date is October 15, 2002.”

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