This is a map of land ownership and land use in the Greater Yellowstone
Ecosystem. Each of these borders involves people who have a different
way of dealing with the bison brucellosis problem. The bison do
not recognize these boarders and seasonally migrate across some
of them. In some areas it is viewed as a deadly threat to the local
economy, in others, a scenic postcard. The management of bison and
their associated illness varies, depending on which place on the
map we are talking about.
The main area of controversy involved with brucellosis has been
the northwest entrance to the park. This entrance is located
in Gardiner, Montana, an area where many cattle ranchers reside.
Already an easy spot for bison to exit, the growing amount of snowmobiles
in Yellowstone has created an increasing number of exit paths for
bison to follow out of the park. Once the bison leave the
park, they are in danger of being tested and slaughtered by the
Montana Department of Livestock. Therefore, the city and surrounding
region of Gardiner, MT has become a hotspot for bison and brucellosis.
Not only has there been much bison testing and slaughtering in this
area, but “hazers” have strategically placed themselves
around Gardiner. “Hazers” are environmentalists
who wave signs and yell in order to try and scare the bison back
into the safety of YNP. The heavy bison exiting in this region
has made the “hazers” focus a great deal of attention
on NW Yellowstone and the surrounding area.
A map of Yellowstone National Park, including areas where
roaming bison may be found outside of the park. Note that these
areas are encompassed by the state of Montana only, with rare
occurrence in Wyoming and none in Idaho
To download a close-up version of this image,