Wildfire Concepts Wildfire










Baskin, Yvonne.  1999.  Yellowstone fires: a decade later; ecological lessons learned in the wake of the conflagration.  BioScience 40(2): 93-97.

Carey, A., and S. Carey. 1989. Yellowstone’s Red Summer. Northland Publishing: Flagstaff, Arizona.

Christensen, N.L., J.K. Agee, P.F. Brussard, and 10 others. Interpreting the Yellowstone Fires of 1988. BioSciece: 39(10).

Craighead, John J.  “Yellowstone in Transition”.  Robert B. Keiter and Mark S. Boyce, ed., The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.  New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991, pp. 27-39.

Despain, D., A. Rodman, P. Schullery, H. Shovic.  1989. Burned Area Survey of Yellowstone National Park: The Fires of 1988. Division of Research and GIS Lab, Yellowstone National Park.

Ekey, R. 1989. Yellowstone on Fire! Billings Gazette: Billings, Montana.

Franke, Mary Ann.  2000.  Yellowstone in the Afterglow: Lessons from the Fires.  National Park Service, Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming, YCR-NR-2000-03.

Jakubas, Walter J., Robert A. Garrott, P.J. White, and David  R. Mertens.  1994.  Fire-induced Changes in the Nutritional Quality of Lodgepole Pine Bark.  Journal of Wildlife Management 58(1): 35-46.

Kay, Charles E. 1997. Viewpoint: Ungulate herbivory, willows, and political ecology in Yellowstone.  Journal of Range Management 50(2): 139-145.

Knight, Dennis H.  1991.  “The Yellowstone Fire Controversy”.  Robert B. Keiter and Mark S. Boyce, ed., The Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.  New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1991, pp. 87-103.

Millspaugh, S.H. 2000. Variations in fire frequency and climate over the past 17000 yr in central Yellowstone National Park. Geology: 28(3), 211-214.

The Official Website of Yellowstone National Park.  Yellowstone Wildlife Pages:  2000. Web address: http://www.nps.gov/yell/nature/animals/.

Pearson, Scott M., Monica g. Turner, Linda L. Wallace, William H. Romme.  1995.  Winter Habitat Use by Large Ungulates Following Fire in Northern Yellowstone National Park.  Ecological Applications 5(3): 744-755.

Pease, Craig M. and David J. Mattson.  1999.  Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears.  Ecology 80(3): 957-975.

Perry, D. 1994. Forest Ecosystems. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.

Robbins, Jim.  1988.  Yellowstone Reborn.  Audubon 100(4): 64-69.

Romme, W.H., and D.G. Despain. 1989a. Historical Perspective on the Yellowstone Fires of 1988. 

Romme, W.H., and D.G. Despain. 1989b. The Long History of Fire in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Western Wildlands: Summer.

Romme, W.H., and D.G. Despain. 1989c. The Yellowstone Fires. Scientific American: 261(5), 37-46.

Schullery, Paul.  1997.  Searching for Yellowstone: Ecology and Wonder in the Last Wilderness.  Houghton Mifflin Company.

Schullery, P. The Fires and Fire Policy. BioScience: 39(10).

Singer, Francis J., William Schreier, Jill Oppenheim, and Edward O. Garton.  1989.  Drought, Fires, and Large Mammals: Evaluating the 1988 severe drought and large-scale fires.  BioScience 39(10): 716-722.

Singer, F.J. and M.K. Harter.  1996.  Comparative effects of elk herbivory and 1988 fires on northern Yellowstone National Park grasslands.  Ecological Applications 6(1): 185-199.

Turner, Monica G., William W. Hargrove, Robert H. Gardner, and William H. Romme.  1994.  Effects of fire on landscape heterogeneity in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.  Journal of Vegetation Science 5: 731-742.

Turner, Monica G., William H. Romme, Robert H. Gardner, and William W. Hargrove.  1997.  Effects of fire size and pattern on early succession in Yellowstone National Park.  Ecological Monographs 67(4): 411-433.

Tyers, Daniel B. and Lynn R. Irby.  1995.  Shiras Moose Winter Habitat Use in the Upper Yellowstone River Valley Prior to and After the 1988 Fires.  Alces 31: 35-43.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.  Fire Effects Information: 2001.  Web address: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/.

Varley, JD, and Schullery, P.  The Yellowstone Fires.